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vjaysh
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Quote vjaysh Replybullet Topic: ACute renal failure foi labrador
    Posted: 08-Oct-2008 at 3:28pm
I have a labrador age 5 and he has been diagnosed with acute renal failure .. BUN shows 345 and ceratinine of 16.. The vetinary doctor has been treating him with cefaxicillin, augmentin and taxim and also IV..

The dog is walking around , urine is normal but no intake of solid food. He drinks water but is not active.


Earlier he had cold and was vomiting phlegm when he was treated first wit cefaxixcilin and then with augmentin.

Subsequently he was given sucrafil and ranitdine tablet.

Any suggestions regarding the infection and treatment...
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Kioshi
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Quote Kioshi Replybullet Posted: 08-Oct-2008 at 7:41pm
Hi vjaysh....hope this helps....

Kidney Failure in Dogs

Early clinical signs of kidney failure in dogs

increased water consumption
increased urine production.

Clinical signs of more advanced kidney failure in dogs

loss of appetite
depression
vomiting
diarrhea
very bad breath
ulcers in the mouth.

Treatment of Kidney Failure in Dogs

Treatment of kidney failure in dogs occurs in two phases. The first phase is to "restart" the kidneys. Large quantities of intravenous fluids are given to "flush out" the kidneys. This flushing process, called diuresis, helps to stimulate the kidney cells to function again. If enough functional kidney cells remain, they may be able to adequately meet the body's needs for waste removal. Fluid therapy includes replacement of various electrolytes, especially potassium. Other important aspects of initial treatment include proper nutrition and drugs to control vomiting and diarrhea.

There are three possible outcomes from the first phase of treatment of kidney failure in dogs: 1) The kidneys will resume functioning and continue to function for a few weeks to a few years. 2) The kidneys will resume functioning during treatment but fail again as soon as treatment stops. 3) Kidney function will not return. Unfortunately, there are no reliable tests that will predict the outcome.

The second phase of treatment in dogs is to keep the kidneys functioning as long as possible. This is accomplished with one or more of the following, depending on the situation:

1. A special diet. The ideal diet is low in protein, low in phosphorus, and not acidified. This type of diet helps to keep the blood tests as close to normal as possible, which usually makes your dog feel better. Also, once kidney disease is advanced, a decreased protein diet will decrease the workload on the kidneys.

2. A phosphate binder. Phosphorous is removed from the body by filtering through the kidneys. Once the filtration process is impaired, phosphorous begins to accumulate in the blood. This also contributes to lethargy and poor appetite. Certain drugs will bind excess phosphates in the intestinal tract so they are not absorbed, resulting in lower blood levels of phosphorus.

3. Fluids given at home. Once your dog is stabilized, fluids can be given under the skin (subcutaneously). This serves to continually "restart" the kidneys as their function begins to fail again. This is done once daily to once weekly, depending on the degree of kidney failure. Although this might not sound like something you can do, you will be surprised at how easily the technique can be learned and how well most dogs will tolerate it.

4. A drug to regulate the parathyroid gland and calcium levels. Calcium and phosphorus must remain at about a 2:1 ratio in the blood. The increase in blood phosphorus level, as mentioned above, stimulates the parathyroid gland to increase the blood calcium level by removing it from bones. This can be helpful for the sake of the normalizing calcium:phosphorus ratio, but it can make the bones brittle and easily broken. Calcitriol can be used to reduce the function of the parathyroid gland and to increase calcium absorption from the intestinal tract. This is recommended if there is evidence of abnormal function of the parathyroid gland.

5. A drug to stimulate the bone marrow to produce new red blood cells. The kidneys produce erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells. Therefore, many dogs in kidney failure have a low red blood cell count, anemia. Epogen (or Procrit), synthetic forms of erythropoietin, will correct the anemia in most dogs. Unfortunately for some dogs, the drug cannot be used long term because the immune system recognizes the drug as "foreign" and will make antibodies (immune proteins) against it. This is recommended if there is persistent anemia present.
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cutebilly
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Quote cutebilly Replybullet Posted: 08-Oct-2008 at 7:49pm
Hey..as per my knowledge renal failure is a dangerous health problem as it affects the kidneys... it ll be better if your dog be hospitalized....
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Phillip
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Quote Phillip Replybullet Posted: 08-Oct-2008 at 7:56pm
Hospitalization would depend on the severity of the disease... it think the dog is very young for a severe renal failure...vjaysh...be careful on what you feed him with...this article would help...

Treatment of Kidney Disease in Dogs

Treatments for the symptoms of kidney disease in dogs include a low protein and low phosphorus prescription diet. The predominant effect of the low protein diet is to minimize production of uremic toxins so that the dog with kidney disease feels better. Low protein diets may help extend life in dogs with kidney disease. Note that some people use kidney dietary supplement designed for human beings such as Kidney Purifier on their dogs. It may help, however, more research is needed to proof it's an effective product for kidney disease in dogs.

Phosphorus is more important in this regard, since high phosphorus accelerates renal failure, and restricted phosphorus slows it down. K/D is low in phosphorus, so it remains a good food for dogs with kidney disease in this condition. In addition to diet, IV fluids can be administered to correct disturbances created by the retention of uremic toxins. Epogen can be prescribed to treat the anemia of chronic renal failure, resulting in improving the quality, and probably the length of life.

Kidney dialysis for dogs is offered at several veterinary medical sites. The University of California, Davis, Veterinary Medical School is performing kidney transplants, but transplanted kidneys in dogs are commonly rejected, and involve an extraordinary expense and commitment. UC Davis will only do a renal transplant if the red cell cross matching and blood type is a perfect match. and if the tissue typing is also a perfect match.
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Phillip
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Quote Phillip Replybullet Posted: 08-Oct-2008 at 8:00pm
Forgot adding this....

Recipes for Dogs with Kidney Disease

Dogs with kidney disease may be fed using the following renal diet recipes:

Recipe 1

1 egg, large, cooked
3 cups potato, boiled with skin
1 tablespoon chicken fat
1 1/2 calcium carbonate tablets (600 milligrams calcium)
1/2 mulitple-mineral tablet


Recipe 2

1/4 cup cooked chicken breast
3 cups potato, boiled with skin
2 tablespoons chicken fat
1 1/2 calcium carbonate tablets (600 milligrams calcium)
1/2 multiple vitamin-mineral tablet

Recipe 3

Rice, white, cooked*** 237
Beef, regular, cooked + 78
Egg, large, boiled 20
Bread, white 50
Oil, vegetable 3
Calcium carbonate 1.5
Salt, iodized 0.5
Total 390

Recipe 4

2 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
1/2 tsp. garlic powder
6 Tblsps. low sodium, low fat chicken broth
1/2 cup cold water
1 cup cooked vegetable (green beans, carrots or mixed)
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shantanuy
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Quote shantanuy Replybullet Posted: 07-Mar-2010 at 10:21pm
I'm currently facing the shock of knowing that my Nine year old Doberman has been diagnosed with "Acute Renal Failure" . He is become very lethargic with almost complete loss of appetite. He was given a week long treatment of IV injections along with Saline.
    I have been feeding him "Renal Resource" a dietary supplement for Kidney disorders in humans. I was advised by my pet to continue feeding him this dosage until he starts taking solid or regular food. I'v also been giving him egg white (minus the yolk). I would suggest to others facing the similar crisis to keep hope and hope for the best.
I'm from INDIA. Any suggestions regarding other dietary supplements etc are welcome.
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